DRY | RESISTANT | UNEVEN SKIN TONE | WRINKLE-PRONE
“I've found many products that feel good on my skin and they all seem alike to me. However, I am not convinced that they are the best products to improve my wrinkles and uneven complexion.”
ABOUT YOUR SKIN
During your teens and twenties, you had great skin. Unlike oily types, you experienced no acne. Unlike sensitive types, you had no problems using skin care products and ingredients.
As far as pigment goes, there are two sub-groups of this Skin Type: the fair-skinned and freckled who don’t tan well and those who can easily achieve the Hawaiian tropic tan. If you’re in the latter group, you may often fail to use sunscreen regularly. Fair-skinned types may have frequently burned trying to achieve that unobtainable tan, attaining instead only freckles and peeling skin.
For women, the first problems crop up in their twenties or thirties, the age when many get pregnant or take birth control pills. Dark spots and dark under-eye circles may result.
In your early thirties, you may develop lines around your eyes and between your eyebrows. This Skin Type often develops both lines underneath the eyes just below the lower lids and under-eye dark circles. Your skin’s dryness makes the wrinkles even more noticeable. Moisturizers are absorbed quickly, providing only minimal hydration.
With age (and menopause), skin dryness and wrinkles worsen, becoming a chief complaint. Your skin may feel tight, rough to the touch, and even sore, especially in drying environmental conditions, such as on an airplane or in a low-humidity environment like Colorado. In the winter, when indoor heating is used, your skin gets even more dehydrated, making the wrinkles look worse.
A CLOSE-UP LOOK AT YOUR SKIN TYPE
You may experience any of the following:
- Dry flaking skin
- Thin skin with easy tearing of the skin if you are over fifty
- Easy bruising of the skin
- Dark spots on face, chest, arms, and hands
- Wrinkles beginning around the eyes
- Wrinkles on the forehead and between the eyebrows
- Wrinkled hands
- Higher risk of melanoma skin cancer
Aged skin is more likely to be dry. In addition, dry skin is more susceptible to skin aging for several reasons:
- Skin enzymes that repair skin damage function less efficiently in skin with a lower water content
- Dry skin types produce less sebum, an oily substance that contains large amounts of vitamin E, a skin protective antioxidant that combats aging and skin cancer
- The cell cycle (which produces new skin cells) slows down, causing dead skin cells to pile up in little hills and valleys. Though not visible to the naked eye, these make the skin appear rough, and
- When estrogen levels decline with perimenopause and menopause, the skin becomes drier.
EVERYDAY CARE FOR YOUR SKIN TYPE
Protect—and moisturize without delay—every day. The goal of your skin care routine is to address wrinkles, dark spots, and dryness with products that deliver lightening, moisturizing, and anti-wrinkle ingredients. Your daily regimen is based on protecting, hydrating, and moisturizing your dry skin. But since your skin is resistant, you need strong ingredients to treat your wrinkles and dark spots. In addition to high-quality skin care products, spend the money to see a dermatologist. You won't regret it.
SUN PROTECTION FOR YOUR SKIN TYPE
SPF 30+ at all times, enough said… thank you!
Wait a few minutes after applying sunscreen to allow it to soak in before applying foundation or other makeup; this avoids streaking. Use cream-based eye shadows and blushes for a dewy look.
COSMETIC PROCEDURES FOR YOUR SKIN TYPE
Medium- to dark-skinned tones with this Skin Type can best treat their dark spots with prescription topical products, alpha-hydroxy and beta-hydroxy acids and chemical peels. Microdermabrasion, lasers and light treatments cannot, and should not, be used on dark skin tones, since these procedures typically lead to inflammation and worsening, or development, of dark spots
Lighter-skinned tones with this Skin Type have the added option of skin procedures such as laser and light therapy to lighten the dark spots without causing inflammation that leads to more dark spots. Lighter-skinned tones with this Skin Type also have the option of dermabrasion, a resurfacing treatment for lines around the mouth. This method requires an experienced physician.
For wrinkle treatment, both lighter- and darker-skinned tones with this Skin Type can benefit from botulinum toxin injections and dermal fillers.
SKIN CARE INGREDIENTS TO AVOID
- Denatured alcohol
- Ethyl alcohol
- Benzyl alcohol
- Isopropyl alcohol
- SD alcohol
- Detergents that foam vigorously
YOUR NEED FOR MOISTURE
Skin dryness, uneven pigmentation and susceptibility to wrinkles are the predominant characteristics of this skin type. Skincare regimens should include daily SPF, antioxidants, retinoids, moisturizers, alpha hydroxy acids and active ingredients to even your skin tone minimizing the appearance of dark spots.
*Resistant skin has a healthy solid barrier. Your skin rarely stings, reddens, or develops acne allowing those with resistant skin to use most products without reacting. However, the irony is that most over-the-counter skin care products may not be potent enough to penetrate the healthy lipid barrier and deliver results. This is why KOKOBÉRNA customers see instant results; the ancient formulating techniques we use preserve the life-force of the indigenous West African plant ingredients in their purest yet concentrated form.
Our skin diagnostic uses Baumann's (2004) science-based skin-type classification system comprised of 16 distinct Baumann Skin Types®.